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Asymptotic Time Complexity
During my datastructures classes in IIIT Kottayam, asymptotic time complexity was explained very well. I thought of writing the example he shared in the class:
Consider if you are travelling from Kochi to New Delhi. You can reach the location:
by flight in 3 hours
by train in 2 days
by walking in 90 days
So big O notation, can be such that the time required to walk is 90 days. It's considered as the upper bound such that f(n) <= cg(n).
In lowest possible time, let's say we can reach using flight. So it's the lower bound. Such that the f(n)>= c.g(n) always. It's considered big theta notation.
Then there is average case complexity which is means between both big O and big theta notation. It gives a tighter bound on run time such that. This is called big theta notation and can represented as follows
c1.g(n) <= f(n) <= c2.g(n)
We usually in industry consider even though it's considered as upper bound. It's usually considered closer to definition of big theta time.